Is hope a fraud? | Socratic Circle {October 2021}

To me, hope is a sort of thrust, a variant of faith, a gentle flame – that encourages you to keep going even when, the possibilities of actually succeeding seems bleak. Now as far as fraudulence goes, hope can be a fraud at times but that doesn’t necessarily make it a fraud for everyone. Hope can end up, conveying visions of unrealistic success and it can all feel like a big lie, when reality comes crashing down.

Rise of Religion

Origin of the word ‘Religion’
Source: Google

In a world where progress is constantly being redefined, morality and ethics are questioned; there is one aspect of the human experience that has remained firmly rooted in man’s conscience, occasionally swaying but never faltering – religion.

I have developed a general appreciation for the numerous religions people practice worldwide and have grown rather interested in how the very idea of religion as ‘a social-cultural system of designated behaviours and practices, morals, beliefs, worldviews, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, and spiritual elements‘ was birthed. {Wikipedia}

Photo by Wallace Chuck on


While the origin of religion is uncertain, there are a number of theories regarding its origins. The earliest archaeological evidence of religious ideas dates back several hundred thousand years to the Middle and Lower Paleolithic periods, where apparent intentional burials are considered evidence by archaeologists.

Various theories regarding the origin of religion, most notably those by theorists Edward Burnett Tylor (1832-1917) and Herbert Spencer revolving around animism (the belief that objects, places, and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence), and archaeologist John Lubbock (1834-1913) who brought in fetishism (attribution of inherent value, or powers, to an object) have all been widely criticised, rendering religion’s origin yet to be discovered.

9130–7370 BCE was the apparent period of use of Göbekli Tepe, Turkey – one of the oldest human-made sites of worship yet discovered.
Source: Wikipedia

The history of religion refers to the written record of human religious feelings, thoughts, and ideas. It is a period of religious history that began with the invention of writing about 5,220 years ago.

Wikipedia quotes anthropologists John Monaghan and Peter Just on why religions could have begun – “Many of the great world religions appear to have begun as revitalization movements of some sort, as the vision of a charismatic prophet fires the imaginations of people seeking a more comprehensive answer to their problems than they feel is provided by everyday beliefs.

In ‘The Human Web: A Bird’s-Eye View of World History‘, John Robert McNeill mentions the following as a potential argument as to why religion arose – “religious congregations, in turn, helped to stabilize urban society by making its inherent inequality and insecurity more tolerable.”

As of today, there are 10,000 distinct religions worldwide with 84% of the world population associated with one/several religions. Several large-scale belief systems emerged between 1200 BCE and 700 CE.

{Abrahamic and Indian religions’ source – Wikipedia}

Religion Origin
Judaism 2000 BCE
Christianity 1st century AD
Islam7th century AD (the youngest of the major world religions)
Hinduism2300 BCE (world’s oldest religion)
Jainism 7th–5th century BCE
Buddhism late 6th century BCE
Sikhism AD 1500
ConfucianismConfucius, founder of Confucianism, was born in 551 BCE with the earliest Confucian writing, Shu Ching, incorporating ideas of harmony and heaven sometime in 600–500 BCE
Zoroastrianism 600 BCE
(world’s first monotheistic faith)
550 BCE
The Pyramid Texts are the oldest known religious texts.
Source: Wikipedia


(The following text is paraphrased from various essays on BBC Future)

In order to gain a better understanding of how and why religion evolved, evolutionary psychologist Robin Dunbar emphasises examining religions without their cultural accretions. He further states that instead of focussing on Gods and creeds, we need to think deeper about the capacities that emerged in our ancient ancestors that allowed them to achieve a religious way of being together.

Dunbar goes on to mention that the largest group size that chimpanzees can maintain through grooming alone is 45. However, the average human group size is 150, known as Dunbar’s number. In justification, Dunbar says humans have the capacity to reach three times as many social contacts as chimps for a given amount of social effort. This in turn potentially portrays that religion emerges out of this increased capacity for sociality. Yet another argument Dunbar proposes is that religion evolved as a way of allowing many people at once to take part in endorphin-triggering activation.

Photo by cottonbro on

With the neocortex figuring prominently in several theories regarding the evolution of religion, Jonathan Turner, author of The Emergence and Evolution of Religion, mentions the more important alterations as concerning the subcortical parts of the brain, which enabled hominins (extinct members of the human lineage) to experience a broader range of emotions which led to bonding – a crucial achievement for the development of religion.

Voltaire, when asked why we need a religion answered, ”If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him.” This answer seemingly implied his belief that God is necessary for society to function. The broad idea that a shared faith serves the needs of a society is known as the functionalist view of religion. One recurring theme is social cohesion: religion brings together a community, who might then form a hunting party, raise a temple or support a political party. {BBC Future}

Karl Jaspers
Source: Wikipedia

According to German-Swiss philosopher Karl Jaspers (1883-1969), “the spiritual foundations of humanity were laid simultaneously and independently… And these are the foundations upon which humanity still subsists today.” The axial age, a term coined by him, refers to the period from 900 to 200 BCE.

From Wikipedia, ”Intellectual historian Peter Watson has summarized the axial age as the foundation time of many of humanity’s most influential philosophical traditions, including, Platonism in Greece, Buddhism and Jainism in India, and Confucianism and Taoism in China.


The development of religion has taken versatile paths in different cultures with some religions placing emphasis on belief, practice, the subjective experience of the religious individual or the activities of the religious community. Parallelly existing alongside religions that claim to be universal, are others that are intended to be practised only by a closely defined or localized group.

Several medieval religious movements emphasized mysticism (popularly known as becoming one with God or the Absolute) such as the Cathars, the Jews in Spain, the Bhakti movement in India and Sufism in Islam. Christianity expanded to Africa, America, Australia and the Philippines as a result of European colonisation during the 15th – 19th centuries.

The concept of “religion” was formed in the 16th and 17th centuries. The sacred histories and narratives of religions aim mostly, to give meaning to life. Traditionally, faith, in addition to reason, has been considered a source and basis of religious beliefs.

Photo by jossuha theophile on Unsplash

The 19th century considered the formative period for the modern study of religion, saw a dramatic increase in knowledge about a wide variety of cultures and religions, and also the establishment of economic and social histories of progress. By the late 20th century religion had declined in most of Europe.

[Paraphrasing from an essay on BBC Future]
Andrew Newberg, who studies the brain in light of religious experience, says in How God Changes Your Brain, that contemplating God long enough, produces certain reactions in the brain involving activation and deactivation of synapses, formation of new dendrites and synaptic connections along with a change of neural functioning. In short, perceptions are altered accompanied by a change in beliefs. If God has meaning for you, then God becomes neurologically real.


The late sociologist Robert Bellah mentioned, how the religious rituals of Neolithic humans (10,000–4,500 BCE) focused above all on one person, the divine or quasi-divine king, where only a few people, priests or members of the royal lineage, participated. It was also during this period that “king and god emerged together and continued their close association throughout history”.
{BBC Future}

To conclude, what does the future hold?

While the origin of religion remains veiled by the vast expanse of life we’re still discovering, religion continues to heavily influence our lives and provide a basis for how many discern right from wrong. As such, religion like every other aspect of human life continues to grow and expand its reach with several new religious movements having been founded in recent years. But is religion growing, evolving or does it follow a finite path which ends at some point? Zoroastrianism, one of the world’s oldest continuously practised religions is today, a fading religion.

Linda Woodhead, an academic specialising in the sociology of religion, mentions political support is what paves the path for the rise or fall of a religion based on history. In Homo Deus, Yuval Noah Harari argues that the foundations of modern civilisation are eroding in the face of an emergent religion called “dataism”, which holds that by giving ourselves over to information flows, we can transcend our earthly concerns and ties.
{Source: BBC Future}

According to the future statistics modelled by The Pew Research Center based on demographics, migration and conversion, people unaffiliated with any religion will increase in countries such as the United States and France but will constitute a declining share of the world’s total population. Instead of a sharp decline in religiosity (religious orientations and involvement), the projections predict a modest increase in believers, from 84% today to 87% of the world’s population in 2050. Excluding Buddhism, all of the world’s major religions are predicted to grow in absolute numbers in the coming decades. However, these projections cannot be considered absolute when factoring in the potential consequences of international migration.
{Source: Pew Research Centre}

Photo by Brett Sayles on

The past houses the fractional percentage constituting human error while the future remains uncertain owing to the unpredictability of life. But analysing what little we have been able to learn, religion is a unique aspect of the human experience that has grown and evolved in its own path supported by life and based on the cerebral capacity of our ancestors and it sure has been interesting to learn the course of it all!

Hope you had a lovely read!

Thoughtfully yours,

Referred sources:

BBC Future:
How and Why Did Religion Evolve?
Do humans have A Religious Instinct?
Tomorrow’s Gods: What is the future of religion?
Timeline of Religion
History of Religion
History Of The Study Of Religion
Pew Research Centre:
The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050
Khan Academy:
The Origin of World Religions

Previously on Random Specific Thoughts:

A Thank You Letter to My Body

Just a few days ago, I came over a heartfelt letter Shelly @ Growing with Spawn wrote to her body, after being inspired by the one Ang @ Lose Weight With Ang penned. It seemed like a lovely idea and I do believe it’s random acts of thoughtfulness like these that leave a generous impact on our mental health and on certain readers as well. I wasn’t sure of what to write but I decided to do it anyway! A huge thank you to Ang for this tag!
Before I begin, please make sure you check out the two letters below; they’re absolutely worth a read and resonate deeply on certain levels.

Writing Challenge : A Thank You letter To My Body // Lose Weight with Ang
A Thank You Letter To My Body // Growing with Spawn

Please feel free to join in on this and please don’t forget to tag Ang if you do!

“and I said to my body. softly. ‘i want to be your friend.’ it took a long breath. and replied ‘i have been waiting my whole life for this.”
― Nayyirah Waheed

Dear Body,

In all our years of knowing each other, I never once thought to thank you for being there, for being me, for being strong and just for being who you are. A week or so ago, when one of my cousins were visiting, I sat with her infant son for a while; just watching him sleep and smile in his peaceful slumber, every now and then. He was tiny, just about the length of my forearm. I’ve never had younger siblings or been around babies much, but the fragile charm he exuded was profoundly strong.

I can’t believe we met when, you were that tiny or that I was born as you. The fact that you’re the one who holds my mind close when it threatens to break away, tether my thoughts and dreams to reality or that my hands that are attached to you are the ones who do everything that I love are truths that are now beginning to dawn on me as I remain speechless not knowing why or how I didn’t see it before.

We’ve had a rocky relationship because of all my allergies and our mutual disinclination towards food and while I don’t regret our food choices much, I wish I could treat you to a healthier lifestyle. I’m sorry for all the times I picked on you, for not carrying yourself gracefully, for the times I wanted you to be, who we both weren’t and especially for all the times, I tried to pretend you and me just didn’t exist in the other’s illusion of the world.

Photo by lucas-mendes on Unsplash

I’m sorry I consistently subject you to my erratic sleep patterns and then drag you out of bed just because sleep doesn’t come easy; for I never let it feel welcome either. I wish I could take you out on more walks and give you the brief respite outdoors, you scream for on some days. I hate that I prioritise my relentless procrastination when you are in need of help and attention. I so appreciate all the hours you let me stay up, no matter how ungodly the hour may be; and I love and appreciate how you always succeed in dragging me out of bed in the morning, in time for school irrespective of whether or not, I let you succumb to sleep at night.

Dear body, you have been kind and occasionally rather hard on me, but I now realise all the strain and pressure I forced you to go through was even harder and I apologise for my inconsiderate behaviour. You’ve been there for me when no one else has, you’ve stood up for me and given me a voice and I’m so grateful for all of it. I thank you for accepting all the awkward falls and stumbles without any acknowledgement of the pain that followed and for getting right back up, like nothing had ever happened.

I hope we can learn to get along better with each other. I’ve grown so much from that fragile child I see in photos and know, as long as I breathe, it’ll be you who carries me through.

Much love,
The child you shelter

“I am getting used to my voice not sounding like an apology, my hair looking like a thunder storm, my face resembling a calamity, my smile looking like jagged tombstones, my soul feeling like an abstract art.”
― Ayushee Ghoshal, 4 AM Conversations

Thoughtfully yours,
Introverted Thoughts aka D

Previously on Random Specific Thoughts:

Peer Pressure

Thank you so much for tagging me, asic! She has a wonderfully diverse blog where she talks about her current obsessions, interests, favourites and more. Check it out here!

(I was tagged for this tag in the beginning of February. Sorry, asic!)


➼Link back to the creator {Random Thoughts of My Fandoms}
➼Provide a link to the person who tagged you {asic}
➼Answer all questions honestly.
➼Come up with 5 questions of your own. (4 have to be about peer pressure; 1 can be random and about whatever)
➼Tag at least 10 people and provide links to their blog, please no “you!”
➼Recommend at least 5 books or songs you see everywhere/are very popular that you’ve read or listened to.
➼Use the hashtag #peer pressure tag for easier visibility

Wow, looks like I’m going to be breaking a few rules for the first time (Sorry, Zoë!)

Photo by cottonbro on

Moving onto the questions!

1. Have you ever been pressured to do something that ended up having a positive effect?

I haven’t technically been pressured to do anything but I have been persuaded to go to certain gatherings and meet people. Most end up catastrophic but yes, some end up with positive outcomes, not a positive effect. I like it when the people I’m around ask me questions other than ‘How is school?’ or say “I haven’t seen you in so long! Remember me?‘ An event where that doesn’t happen is a very positive day.

2. How do you combat pressure?

I think it depends on the type of pressure and I owe all my treasure trove of pressure to school. So, I either complete the school work that’s weighing me down or if I have time to spare, I write, read, draw or listen to music.

3. If your friend was being pressured into something, how would you help them?

This is such a vague question. It depends on what they are being pressured into and by whom? Considering the present, I don’t have a lot of friends and the few I have are very easy going people and don’t seem to be under pressure. The only pressure that’s weighing us down is school, and that is something most students live with and have their own way of dealing with. If the friend in question was having a hard time learning a new concept or something, I would help them understand it.

4. Now, how do you think a person should combat pressure?

Again, I really think it depends on the person. Some find talking very liberating and it’s their way of easing pressure off their lives. Others like taking a break from life and spending a whole day indulged in hobbies and me time. And yet others find comfort in certain forms of art like singing or writing. I think all forms are good as long as they don’t harm the person and those around them.

5. If you could change one choice you made from being pressured into something, what would it be?

Haha, in most cases, it’s me who’s pressuring myself. The last choice I pressured myself into was sending a poem (a terrible one, but I secretly like it now because it has a fun memory attached to it) to a literary journal. I don’t know why I did it, I was feeling very reckless and it was 1 am. I posted it here when the same recklessness graced me with its presence! (The journal rejected it, obviously)

6. What do you think is the worst type of pressure a person could face? Any type of pressure qualifies!

The pressure to meet expectations. I’m not saying it’s completely bad but it seems to be more powerful in hurting people than other types of pressure.

7. Have you ever felt pressure while blogging?

Haha, no! I was writing before I started blogging, so I don’t feel too pressured to sit down or have no need to force myself to write something for this blog alone. I have never done that and hope I don’t, because that kills what writing means to me. Scheduling posts help too. Now that I’m in grade 12, I don’t spend as much time on my blog as I used to and scheduling posts helps Random Specific Thoughts stay active and on schedule.

But a long hiatus is on it’s way sadly.

Photo by Ena Marinkovic on

8. This is kind of an open-ended question- do you think peer pressure is good or bad?

Both. It’s bad when people start hating themselves because they’re different from their peers. It’s good when it makes a person competitive (in a good way) and motivates them to work harder. I’ve been on both ends and I feel like one makes up for the other.

9. Song and book recommendations:

The Hate You Give | Angie ThomasBefore You Go // Lewis Capaldi
To Kill A Mockingbird | Harper LeeFalling // Harry Styles
Wonder | R.J PalacioHolding On // The Lumineers
A Wrinkle in Time | Madeline L’engleAfterglow // Ed Sheeran
Alice in Wonderland | Lewis CarrollWelcome to Wonderland // Anson Seabra
The Harry Potter series | J.K RowlingThe Circle Game // Joni Mitchell
Wuthering Heights | Emily Brontëexile // Taylor Swift
Becoming | Michelle ObamaOne More Light // Linkin Park

10. (Random Question)
Will you think about tagging me for another tag(say yes for brownie points!)?
Also, what do you think about pineapple on pizza?

(I believe I already have!)
I haven’t tried it. I’m not very fond of food and usually refrain from trying out new food combinations. I’m sorry but I think pineapple on pizza sounds wrong.

I tag:

Moi Ana
Please feel free to do this tag if you find it interesting!
I’m passing on the same questions from asic’s post!

Thoughtfully yours,
Introverted Thoughts aka D

The Cost Of Material Beauty

Disclaimer: This post which is about makeup, is solely intended to raise awareness and not to accuse or incriminate those who do use it. I have no experience in the cosmetic industry. The content of this article is compiled from a variety of sources which I will mention at the end/middle for your reference.

Widely accepted by a variety of cultures, the popularity of cosmetics can be attributed to its potential for creative self-expression and self-identity. These have been in use for thousands of years and are used to enhance, alter or cleanse without affecting the body’s structure. In common parlance, cosmetics mean makeup products such as lipstick, mascara, eye shadow, foundation, blush, highlighter, and several other products.

When it comes to evaluating the contribution of the cosmetic and makeup industry to the global economy, it can be seen that the men and women of the United States, Japan, France, Germany and the UK spend the most on makeup with the US topping the list in terms of usage followed closely by Japan and Russia with the highest cosmetics consumption.

Mica and its
Uses in The Beauty Industry

The global beauty industry is one of the largest consumers of mica. Mica refers to a group of 37 naturally occurring minerals. The composition of Mica allows it to be ground down into fine powder-like dust, making it versatile and suitable for various industries.

Mica is mainly classified into two types; natural and synthetic with blue 1, red 28 and many other FD&C food dyes derived from petroleum being banned in many countries due to potential links to cancer.

Mica’s delicate shimmer is what gives makeup its distinct glow and sparkle – and 60% of the mica that goes into cosmetics comes from India.

Coming to the core of this post, Mica can be found in China, Russia, Finland etc. but the cosmetics industry sources the majority of its supply from India, where it’s often mined by children as young as four or five years old, some who were kidnapped and forced into child labour.

Children as young as four.

Child Labour

The reason for using children is even more heartbreaking. Supposedly, it is because their hands are small enough to fit into the tight crevices where mica is commonly found.

They toil all day long in ‘ghost’ mines (illegal mines) under immensely dangerous work conditions without protective equipment, reinforced walls or prompt medical help nearby.

Mining is a very risky business, especially fatal to such young children who not only use hazardous equipment like picks but are vulnerable to mine collapses at any moment.

An article in Marie Claire also draws attention to the fact that these children constantly breathe in fine particles of mica, which can ultimately lead to grave respiratory conditions like asthma, silicosis, and tuberculosis not to mention the risk of serious injuries like snake and scorpion bites, falling rock and skin infections.

Chiselling for mica with hammers in mine shafts that often collapse, smashing large chunks of mica into smaller rocks in order to break it up, and carrying baskets of rocks to the top of the mines to sort through their contents are some of the dangerous jobs that they do.

“A 2016 investigation by Reuters found that not only had children regularly died in these mines but many of the deaths had been covered up by local officials, making an actual fatality count difficult to nail down. According to Nagasayee Malathy, executive director of the Indian advocacy group Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation, or KSCF, not much has changed since that investigation. She estimates that there are between 10 and 20 deaths in mines every month, a conservative number based on what we heard on the ground.”  {Quoted from Refinery 29)

The children here are underweight and nearly half of them under the age of five suffer from stunted growth. In addition, illiteracy is also common. Having no other options owing to severe poverty, many families allow their children to find work instead of going to school.

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights said that a section of children in the mica mining areas are deprived of opportunities and have started working as labourers to supplement their family income.

A survey conducted by SOMO observes that there are 4,545 children in the age group of six to 14 years in the area of Jharkhand reported as not attending school majorly to collect mica scraps. Most of these children come from a third-world place in India – Koderma, infamous for mica mines, Naxalism and child labour.

According to SOMO, a quarter of the world’s mica comes from the eastern Indian poverty-stricken states of Jharkand and Bihar, where more than 22,000 children work in mica mines, around 90 per cent of which are illegal.

Despite its mineral wealth, the region is thrust under a heavy and dark pall of poverty and hunger.

Of the 33 million people who live in Jharkhand, 13 million live below the poverty line. This makes Jharkhand one of the poorest regions in India.

The Kailash Sathyarthi Children’s Foundation working since 2005 in these mica-rich areas estimates that there are close to 500 villages dependent on the mica trade. (Stats source – The Quint)

Owing to the perpetual cycle of poverty, as well as a steady slavery industry, one in five people employed in the mines is under the age of 14.

These children are also kept in the dark as to where this mined mica is sent. The raw material, excavated by these children, is collected by a broker, who sells it to an exporter, who then delivers it to a manufacturer.

And what does mica do? It adds a distinct shimmer to beauty products. A glow that these children will never experience in their lives if this monstrosity carries on.

In addition to all this, the mining companies or the middlemen refrain from paying fair and sufficient wages to the workers. They are well aware of their deeds and make sure to operate under the radar especially since child labour is illegal and banned in India.

This inefficiency on their part to pay wages leads to a situation known as bonded labour or debt slavery. Owing to terribly low wages, it can sometimes take even generations to pay off these loans.

What can you do?

Like plastic, makeup is not a commodity you can just eradicate or ban in one day. Apart from being used to alter or enhance one’s appearance, makeup has also been linked to increased confidence levels and is used by many to feel comfortable as an individual in a judgemental society.

Use products from brands which are transparent about their supply chains and clearly mention where and how they source their mica.

Implementation of safety regulations and ensuring that brands and the industry, force middlemen to treat their workers fairly and abolish child labour is yet another path.

Photo by Kelly Sikkema on Unsplash

Given below are a few cosmetic brands that use ethically sourced mica:

Pure Anada
What they say: “Our Mica supplier ensures that their product is mined ethically in India without the use of child labour.  They own their own mines, fund schools and daycare centers so that the quality of life for their employees is fair.”
 I really appreciate that this information is included and easily found in their “about” section unlike many other brands where it can be quite hard to find or not publicly available at all.

A bath, body, and beauty company who is vocal about mica issues and uses synthetic mica.

Clove + Hallow
What they say: “[Mica is] a natural shimmery mineral that we source ethically within the United States”

Au Naturale
What they say: “our micas are child labor free – mined, processed and distributed sustainably world wide. We take a purists stance when it comes to color – refusing to partake in unethical sourcing practices that are harmful to people, animals or the environment”
And on a mica blog post they say “Because our suppliers own their supply chain from harvesting to processing and distribution, we can assure only the highest quality micas, mined without the use of child labor, are used in our formulations”

Red Apple Lipstick
A gluten free, vegan, natural beauty brand (not just lipstick).
I couldn’t find anything on their website, but when I reached out to them they said: “we source all of our ingredients from the United States, a few from Europe and some others from Canada. All of which we make sure do not involve child labor, and that workers are paid fairly.” Specifically about their mica they said,“We source all of our mica from the US from privately owned mines. This allows us to be assured that child-labor is never used, and that miners are paid fairly + treated very well.”

Fat and the Moon
I couldn’t find anything on their website, but when I reached out to them they said they use synthetic mica.
From a DM: “The mica that we use is lab-created, not mined. We know about the horrendous circumstances in which mined mica is a result and do not support those practices. The mica that we use is made of natural ingredients that mimic mined mica”
 Note that they just list “Mica” in their ingredients, which is legal however I would definitely prefer if brands specify that it is synthetic mica.

100% Pure
A natural makeup, skincare, and beauty brand.
What they say: “All of our products use ethically sourced mica.”
I reached out to them for more info and this was their statement: “We condemn the use of child labor in particular, in manufacture and service of any raw materials. All of our mica suppliers are required to annually provide certificates that child labor is not used in mica mining and the subsequent manufacturing processes.”

Beauty Brands who use Ethical Mica, My Green Closet

(The above is an excerpt from an article by Verena Erin Polowy on her blog, My Green Closet. Please click here to read the complete article).

The Responsible Mica Initiative, an alliance formed between cosmetics companies including l’Oreal, Chanel and Estee Lauder, has the goal of eradicating child labour in mica production within the next five years and ensure that their companies only use ethically sourced mica.

Quoting from an article on The Borgen Project, “Its empowerment programs involve efforts to have more children enrolled in school, to educate people on alternate sources of income, to improve healthcare in villages and to strengthen local institutions.”

There are charities that are working to stop child labour in the mica mining industry, these include:

Anti-Slavery International // click here to donate

Terre des Hommes

Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation // click here to donate

Thomas Reuters Foundation // click here to donate

I watched the video embed below a few weeks ago and it was absolutely heart-wrenching to realise that this was something that takes place on a daily basis.

The fact that it’s happening now calls for an immediate call to action to put a stop to what is frankly, a clear and cruel infringement on human rights.

Numerous children being denied their basic rights to education and a childhood and being forced to work in mines is something that shouldn’t have existed in the first place.

This is incredibly cruel, inhumane and just so very wrong. I have friends and peers who use makeup frequently, and as mentioned above, this article was in no way intended or directed towards them. I felt like this was a subject that wasn’t being discussed and acted on enough that it still exists.

Thoughtfully yours,

Referred sources:

The Borgen Project
ayr skin care
Refinery 29

Cosmetics (Wikipedia)

My Green Closet

India Times

Previously on Random Specific Thoughts: